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音乐为何会让我们产生特定情绪?

文章作者:www.njwxtv.com发布时间:2020-02-16浏览次数:923

锘?

璧勬枡鏉ユ簮:JR Thorpe| |鍒╃淮鍧?(id : liweitan 2014)

锛熺毊鍏嬫柉鎷?

鍒╃淮鍧﹀嚭鐗堢ぞ:钬沧兂璞′竴涓嬶紝涓?涓潪娲查儴钀藉拰涓?涓航绾︼紝褰扑粬浠惉鍒板悓镙风殑阔充箰镞讹紝浠栦滑镄勬儏镒熷弽搴斾细鏄竴镙风殑鍚楋紵璁ょ煡蹇幂悊瀛﹀鍙茶拏鑺钩鍏嬫浘灏嗛煶涔愭弿杩颁负钬滃惉瑙夊ザ閰泲绯曗?濄?备粠杩欎釜瑙掑害鏉ョ湅锛岄煶涔愭槸涓?绉嶆贩鍚堢殑濞变箰钻墿锛岄?氲绷钥虫湹杩涘叆锛屽垭婵?鎴戜滑浜х敓璁稿蹇箰銆傚綋铹讹紝阔充箰涓嶆槸涓?绉嶈兘浜х敓鐗瑰畾蹇冩?佺殑钻墿銆傝繖灏卞儚濂栧姳涓?镙?(姣斿椋熺墿銆佹?у拰閲戦局)銆傛剦蹇殑阔充箰浼氭縺娲绘垜浠ぇ鑴戠殑蹇箰鍜屽锷辩郴缁熴?傚綋镆愭牱涓滆タ寮曡捣鎴戜滑镄勬敞镒忔椂锛屾垜浠笇链涘畠鍦ㄦ瓕镟蹭腑閲嶅鍑虹幇锛屽洜涓烘垜浠?绘槸瑙夊缑鎴戜滑鍚缑涓嶅澶氥??

浠讳綍鍠沧鍚瓕镄勪汉閮戒细鐭ラ亾阔充箰鍜屾儏镒熶箣闂寸殑鑱旗郴:渚嫔锛岀簿褰╃殑琛ㄦ紨鍦烘櫙甯︽潵镄勫枩镇︼紝澶辨亱鍚庡己琛屽敱涓?棣栦护浜哄绩鐥涚殑鎯呮瓕镄勫枩镇︺?傚儚璁稿鏅亶缁忛獙涓?镙凤紝杩欎竴鐜拌薄鍚稿紩浜呜澶氱瀛﹀叧娉紝锲犱负杩樻湁涓?涓牳蹇冮棶棰樻湁寰呭洖绛?:涓轰粈涔堬紵涓轰粈涔堟潵镊箰鍣ㄥ拰浜哄0镄勫0阔宠鎴戜滑鎯呯华鍖栵紵杩欎釜杩囩▼鏄浣曞疄鐜扮殑锛熸垜浠粠阔充箰涓劅鍙楀埌镄勬儏镒熻兘琚壒鍒垎绫诲悧锛熶汉绫诲緢涔呬互鍓嶅氨寮?濮嫔惉阔充箰浜嗐?傚湪鎴戜滑鍙戞槑浜ゆ祦璇█涔嫔墠锛屾湁浜涗汉璁や负阔充箰瀹为台涓婃槸涓?绉嶅师濮嬬殑璇█銆?2013骞达紝镰旗┒浜哄憳鍙戠幇浜轰滑鍚煶涔愭湁126涓师锲狅紝澶ц嚧鍙互鍒嗕负涓夌被:鎯呯华鍒嗘瀽鍜岃皟鑺伞?佽嚜鎴戞剰?瘑鍜岀ぞ浼氲仈绯汇?傛儏镒熷湪鎴戜滑镄勯?夋嫨鍜屽惉姝屼范鎯腑镓紨镌?鏋佸叾閲嶈镄勮鑹层?备絾鏄笓瀹朵滑镐绘槸鎸佹湁涓嶅悓镄勮镣广?备粬浠涓轰紭缇庣殑镞嫔緥鍜岃浼楃殑鐪兼唱涔嬮棿镄勮仈绯讳粛链夌枒闂??

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璁╂垜浠湅鐪嫔綋浣犱技涔庤涓?棣栨瓕镒熷姩镞朵细鍙戠敓浠?涔堛??

鎴戜滑瀵归煶涔愮殑鎯呮劅鍏遍福鏄?灭湡瀹炩?濈殑鍚楋紵

鎴戜滑鐪熺殑瀵归煶涔愭湁鎯呮劅鍏遍福鍚楋紵杩欐槸涓?涓湅浼肩亩鍗旷殑闂锛屼絾涓?浜涚悊璁哄涓嶈繖涔堣涓恒?备竴涓湁浜夎镄勮镣规槸锛屾垜浠笌阔充箰娌℃湁浠讳綍浼犵粺镄勬儏镒熷叡楦c?傛垜浠劅瑙夌殑鍙槸鍙嶅浜ゆ浛镄勭揣寮犲拰鏀炬涧銆傝繖绉嶆儏镒熺殑浜ゆ浛鏄熀浜庢垜浠涓嬩竴棣栨洸瀛愮殑链熸湜鏄惁寰楀埌婊¤冻銆傚綋涓嬩竴涓煶绗︾殑鏂瑰悜涓庢垜浠殑链熸湜涓?镊存椂锛屾垜浠细镒熷埌蹇箰銆傜浉鍙嶏紝鎴戜滑镒熷埌娌抚鎴栫剑铏戙??

(link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4419-6114-3_5)

锛熻压链娉?

铹惰?岋紝链夊お澶氱殑鏂规硶鏉ュ弽椹宠繖涓?瑙傜偣銆傝呖灏戞垜浠彲浠ヨ锛岃繖鍙兘浣滀负阔充箰涓庢儏镒熷叡楦g殑涓?閮ㄥ垎锛岃?屼笉鏄叏閮ㄥ师锲犮?备粠鍚揩鑺傚阔充箰镞跺绩鐜囩殑涓嶈嚜瑙夊姞阃熷埌镞犲涓嶅湪镄勮〃杈惧叡楦g殑阔充箰璇勮锛屽ぇ閲忕‘鍑跨殑璇佹嵁浼间箮琛ㄦ槑鎴戜滑鍙互涓庨煶涔愪骇鐢熸儏镒熷叡楦c??

浣嗘病闾d箞绠?鍗曘??2013骞寸殑涓?椤圭爷绌跺彂鐜帮紝鎴戜滑鍙兘鑳藉钬沧劅瑙夆?濆埌涓?娈甸煶涔愭湰韬槸镇蹭激镄勶紝浣嗗綋鎴戜滑鍚畠镞讹紝鎴戜滑浼氭劅鍒拌韩蹇冩剦镇︺?备粠杩欎釜瑙掑害鏉ョ湅锛岃繖閲岀殑鎯呮劅浼间箮涓崭粎浠呰瑙i喷涓虹揣寮犲拰链熷緟锛岃?屾槸浠庡睘浜庝竴涓瀬鍏跺鏉傜殑鐢婚溃銆?

(journal . frontier sin . org/article/10.3389/fpsyg . 2013./full)

阔充箰鍦ㄤ汉绫绘儏镒熷弽搴旗烦阒典腑镄勪綅缃竴鐩存槸涓?涓湭瑙e喅镄勯棶棰朴?傛湁浜涗汉璁や负鎴戜滑瀵规瓕镟叉湁寮虹儓镄勬儏镒熷弽搴旓紝杩椤彲鑳戒细钬滃敜阅掆?濆墠璇█镞朵唬绁栧厛镄勭粡铡嗐?傚綋鍦?2015骞磋皥璁鸿繖涓?鐞呜镞讹紝鑻卞浗骞挎挱鍏徃瑙i喷阆?:钬灭煭淇冦?侀佩娑ㄧ殑澹伴煶缁忓父璁╂垜浠揣?紶銆傝繛缁笉鏂殑澹伴煶浼间箮璧峰埌浜嗛晣闱欑殑浣灭敤銆傗?濆洜姝わ紝阔充箰寮曡捣镄勬儏镒熷叡楦d篃鍙兘链夊侄浜庡寲瀛﹀弽搴斻??

(www . BBC . com/future/article/-why-music-have-a-hotel-to-our-emotions)

锛烥iphy

composer Joel Douek鍦ㄤ粬镄勪功銆婄郴缁熺缁忕瀛﹀墠娌裤??(绯荤粺绁炵粡绉戝鍓嶆部)涓寚鍑猴紝阔充箰鍒朵綔钥呯敤鏉ュ敜璧风壒瀹氭儏镒熸垨镒熻镄勬槸涓?绉嵝?滃师濮嫔弽搴斺?濓紝鍙互璺ㄨ秺涓嶅悓镄勬枃鍖栥?傝繖浜涚嚎绱㈡殚绀轰简浜虹被涓?浜涙繁鍒荤殑铡嗗彶璁板繂銆?

姝ゅ锛岀缁忕敓鐗╁瀹堕┈鍏嬫枪鍚夊吂璁や负阔充箰鍙嶆椠浜嗕汉绫荤殑钬滆〃杈捐涓衡?濄?备緥濡傦紝蹇妭濂忕殑阔充箰鍚捣鏉ュ儚鏄湪杩介?愪粈涔堜笢瑗匡紝鎴栬?呮湁浜哄湪娆㈠揩鍦拌烦鑸炪?傚湪杩欑鑳屾櫙涓嬶紝阔充箰鍙嶆椠浜嗕汉绫诲湪鐗╃杩涘寲杩囩▼涓墍浜湁镄勫叡鍚屽巻鍙插拰鐢熸椿鏉′欢銆?

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(www . scientific American . com/article/why-do-music-make-us-Fe/)

锛烶interest

阔充箰濡备綍褰卞搷澶ц剳镄勬儏镒熶腑蹇冿紵

鎺㈢储阔充箰鍜屾儏镒熶箣闂村叧绯荤殑绉戝镰旗┒涓渶链夎叮镄勯鍩熶箣涓?鏄ぇ鑴戠殑镰旗┒銆傚畠鎻愬嚭镄勯棶棰樻槸:阔充箰浼氲Е鍙戝ぇ鑴戞儏缁带鍒剁郴缁熺殑鐗瑰畾鍖哄烟鍚楋紵杩欎釜杩囩▼涓庨煶涔愭湰韬殑鎯呮劅链夊叧鍚楋紵绛旀浼间箮鏄偗瀹氱殑銆?

2014骞村彂琛ㄥ湪銆婅嚜铹躲?嬫潅蹇椼?婅嚜铹躲?嬩笂镄勪竴椤圭獊镰存?х爷绌跺彂鐜帮紝阔充箰涓庡ぇ鑴戠殑澶氢釜鍖哄烟链夋槑纭殑鑱旗郴锛屽叾涓澶氩尯鍩熶笌鎯呯华镄勮Е鍙戣绷绋嫔瘑鍒囩浉鍏炽?傛湁瓒g殑鏄紝瀵圭揣寮犲拰链熷緟镄勮В閲婄‘瀹炴湁涓?瀹氱殑阆撶悊銆?

镰旗┒鍙戠幇锛屽垱阃犳剦蹇儏缁殑阔充箰镦т寒浜嗕腑鑴戠殑杈圭紭阃氲矾(涔熺О涓哄璧忛?氲矾锛屽嵆澶ц剳涓殑澶氩反鑳洪?氲矾)锛岃繖鎭板ソ鏄ぇ鑴戞満鍒朵腑甯︽潵镒夊揩濂栬祻镄勫尯鍩熴?备笉浠呭姝わ紝阔充箰杩樿兘寮曞彂鏉忎粊镙?(寤虹珛鎯呮劅缃戠粶)鍜屾捣椹綋(璋冭妭渚濇亱鍏崇郴涓殑鎯呮劅)镄勫弽搴斻?傝瘹铹讹紝蹇箰镄勭‘閮ㄥ垎鏉ヨ嚜绱у紶镄勪骇鐢熷拰閲婃斁锛屽敖绠′笉鏄叏閮ㄣ??

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锛熶竴椤瑰叧浜庡ぇ鑴戣娴佺殑镰旗┒鍙戠幇锛屾垜浠篃瀵逛笉鍜岃皭镄勫0阔冲仛鍑哄己鐑埚弽搴旓紝浠ヨ〃杈炬垜浠瀹幂殑锅忓ソ銆傚綋婕斿涓嶅拰璋愮殑阔充箰镞讹紝鍙楄瘯钥呯殑琛?娑蹭细娑屽叆涓庡悇绉嶆儏缁骇鐢熺浉鍏崇殑骞惰绯荤粺銆傜劧钥岋紝澶ц剳瀵归煶涔愮殑鍙嶅簲涓嶉檺浜庤繖涓椂闂村拰鍦扮偣锛岃缮涓庤绷铡绘湁镌?瀵嗗垏镄勮仈绯汇??

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阔充箰浼间箮链夊敜阅掓儏镒熻蹇嗙殑镫壒鑳藉姏銆傚洿缁曢煶涔愬舰鎴愮殑璁板繂链変竴涓己鐑堢殑鎯呮劅镙稿绩銆傛棤璁烘槸涓庤繖浜涜蹇嗘槑鏄剧浉鍏崇殑阔充箰锛岃缮鏄彧链夊井寮辩浉鍏崇殑阔充箰锛岄兘瓒充互鍞ら啋鐩稿叧镄勬儏镒熴??

杩欑鑳藉姏涓庨煶涔愬拰鎯呮劅涔嬮棿镄勫彟涓?绉嶅镐殑鍏宠仈链夊叧:鎯呮劅鍙嶅簲镄勫己搴︿细闅忕潃瀵归煶涔愮殑镡熸倝绋嫔害镄勫锷犺?屽锷犮??2011骞寸殑涓?椤圭爷绌惰〃鏄庯紝濡傛灉鎴戜滑镡熸倝涓?棣栭煶涔愶紝骞惰寰楁垜浠殑鎯呮劅鍙嶅簲锛屾垜浠瀹幂殑鎯呮劅鍏遍福浼氭洿锷犲己鐑堛?备粠杩欎竴鐜拌薄鏉ョ湅锛岄煶涔愮殑纭湁瀹夋姎鎭跺吔镄勮兘锷涳紝浣嗗簲璇ユ敞镒忕殑鏄紝浠庡唴鍦ㄦ満鍒舵潵鐪嬶紝杩欑鑳藉姏涓庢垜浠缭鎸佹儏缁蹇嗙殑鏂瑰纺链夌潃鍗冧笣涓囩紩镄勮仈绯汇??

(journals.plos.org/plosone/article锛熲?滈煶涔愬拰鎯呮劅镄勫绩鐞嗗铡熺悊鏄粈涔堬紵

鎴戜滑濡备綍璇嗗埆姝屾洸镄勬儏镒燂紵杩欐槸涓?涓煶涔愮悊璁哄浜夎宸蹭箙镄勮瘽棰朴?备粬浠涓洪煶涔愭湰韬殑缁撴瀯鏂归溃浠ヤ笉鍚岀殑鏂瑰纺褰卞搷鎴戜滑瀵瑰畠镄勬儏镒熻В璇伙紝镞犺鏄粠宸茬煡镄勮繘鍖栬缮鏄粠鍏朵粬瑙掑害銆?

锛烥IPHY

阔充箰涓兘钬滃垎杈ㄢ?濇儏镒熺殑閮ㄥ垎鍙仛阔充箰浠g爜銆傜悊璁哄濞佸粔绂忓皵寰锋堡鏅敓鍜岃帀濞沧槅镓桦湪浠栫殑銆娿?婄编瀛︽?濇兂銆嬨??(瀹$编蹇幂伒)涓?涔︿腑鍒椾妇浜嗗ぇ閲忓彲浠ュ湪鎯呮劅灞傞溃涓庢垜浠氦娴佺殑阔充箰浠g爜銆?

鍦ㄧ粨鏋勪笂锛岃繖浜涗唬镰佸寘鍚拰璋愩?佸搷搴︺?佹帴杩戜富阔充互鍙婃暣浣撶粨鏋勭殑缁存姢绛夊厓绱犮?傝妭濂忔槸鍙︿竴绉岖被鍨?:褰撴垜浠惉鎱㈣妭濂忕殑阔充箰镞讹紝鎴戜滑缁忓父璁や负瀹冩槸骞抽润鎴栨偛浼ょ殑锛岃?屽惉蹇妭濂忕殑阔充箰镐绘槸璁╀汉镒熷埌蹇箰鎴栦笉瀹夈?傞煶楂树篃鍙戞尌浜嗕綔鐢紝浣嗗畠杩樻病链夌粨鏉熴?傝繖浜涗笉鍚岀殑鍏幂礌鏄浣曞彉鍖栧拰杞崲镄勪篃鎸囧镌?鎴戜滑瀵瑰畠浠殑鐞呜В(渚嫔锛屾参鑺傚镄勬瓕镟叉剰锻崇潃姝屾洸鎯呮劅镄勫彉鍖?)銆傛拠寮?姝岃瘝涓嶈皥锛岄煶涔愪腑纭疄链夊お澶氱殑璇濊璇淬??

铹惰?岋紝鐞呜В涓?棣栨瓕镄勬儏镒熸槸涓?锲炰簨锛岀湡姝f劅鍙楀埌瀹冨张鏄彟涓?锲炰簨銆傛湁璁稿鐩稿叧镄勭悊璁恒?傚叾涓紝璁ㄨ链?澶氱殑鏄?濇兂瀹舵柉钂傝姮鎴寸淮鏂彁鍑虹殑钬沧儏缁紶镆撯?濈殑姒傚康锛屼篃灏辨槸璇达紝鎴戜滑浼氲鎴戜滑璁や负浠庨煶涔愪腑寰楀埌镄勪笢瑗挎墍镒熸煋锛岃繖涓庢垜浠劅镆扑粬浜烘儏缁殑链哄埗鍑犱箮鏄竴镊寸殑銆?

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杩欎竴鐞呜鍩轰簬杩欐牱涓?涓簨瀹烇紝鍗虫垜浠殑澶ц剳鍖呭惈闀滃儚绁炵粡鍏冿紝闀滃儚绁炵粡鍏幂殑鍙嶅簲鏂瑰纺涓庢垜浠仛涓?涓姩浣滃苟瑙傚疗鍏朵粬浜烘ā浠垮畠镄勬柟寮忕浉鍚屻?傞暅镀忕缁忓厓瑙i喷浜嗘垜浠殑璁稿妯′豢琛屼负锛屼互鍙婃垜浠棤镒忚瘑鍦伴噰鐢ㄩ暅镀忔ā浠跨殑鏂规硶鏉ヨ褰兼镒熻鑸掗?伞?傛儏缁紶镆撶殑鐞呜璧板缑镟磋繙:鎴戜滑涓庢偛浼ょ殑阔充箰浜х敓鍏遍福锛屽洜涓烘偛浼ょ殑鎯呯华鍏锋湁浼犳煋镐с??

阔充箰链韩镄勬劅瑙夊拰鍚?呯殑瀹为台镒熻涔嬮棿链変竴瀹氱殑宸窛锛岃繖绉嶅樊璺濅技涔庨殢镌?绉绘儏镄勫寮鸿?岀缉灏忥紝杩欐湁鏁埚湴鏀寔浜嗘儏缁紶镆撶悊璁恒??2012骞寸殑涓?椤圭爷绌跺彂鐜帮紝鍗充娇姣忎釜浜洪兘浠ュ悓镙风殑鏂瑰纺璇犻喷阔充箰锛屼汉浠秺鏄瘜链夊悓鎯呭绩锛屼粬浠阔充箰浣滃搧镄勫弽搴斿氨瓒婂己鐑堛?傛埓缁存柉鎸囧嚭锛屼簨瀹炰笂锛屾疮涓汉鍚煶涔愭椂镓?鍙嶆椠鍑烘潵镄勬偛浼ら兘鏄嫭涓?镞犱簩镄?:

钬滈煶涔愭槸涓?涓彲浠ヨ镒熺煡镄勫璞★紝鏄竴绉嶉昵链熻惁缁曞湪鍚紬蹇冧腑镄勬偛浼ょ殑璇卞洜锛涚劧钥岋紝鍙︿竴鏂归溃锛屽畠鏄浼楁敞镒忓姏鍜屽弽搴旗殑铹︾偣锛岃拷韪煶涔愯〃鐜扮殑鎸佺画鍙戝睍銆傜劧钥岋紝瑙备紬涓岖浉淇¢煶涔愭湰韬寘鍚换浣曚笉骞告垨阆楁唤(鎴栦换浣曞叾浠栦笢瑗?)銆备粬浠笉涓洪煶涔愭劅鍒伴毦杩囥?傛崲鍙ヨ瘽璇达紝鍦ㄨ繖涓椂链欙紝浠栦滑镀忓??甯镐竴镙风己涔忎笌鎯呮劅鐩稿叧镄勪俊蹇碉紝骞朵笖涓嶆妸阔充箰瑙嗕负杩欑淇″康镄勬湁镒忕洰镙囥?傜劧钥岋紝杩欑闀滃儚鍙嶅簲浠岖劧鏄儏缁寲镄勶紝钥屼笉鏄殢链虹殑寮傛兂澶╁紑鎴栦笉鍚堢悊镄勮崚璋涓恒?傗??

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(mp.ucpress.edu/content/31/2/139)

镓?浠ワ紝涓嬩竴娆′綘锲犱负阒块粤灏旀纾娴湪鏀堕煶链轰笂钥岀獊铹跺彉寰楃储韬佷笉瀹夋椂锛屼綘蹇呴』璁颁綇浣犵殑澶ц剳链夊闅惧拰澶嶆潅镓嶈兘璁╀綘鍦ㄥ洖瀹剁殑鍏叡姹借溅涓婅鎯呯华镄勬氮娼寘锲淬?傛湰鏂囧熀浜庡垱寤洪?氱敤鍗忚(BY-NC)銆伞?婂埄缁村潶銆嬩腑璧靛皬鍏佃淳鍑ゅ念鑵惧彂琛ㄧ殑鏂囩珷鍙槸浣滆?呯殑瑙傜偣锛屽苟涓崭竴瀹氢唬琛ㄥ埄缁村潶镄勭珛鍦恒?傚湪銆婃柊濯掍綋銆嬬紪杈戦儴锛岃繖涓瘽棰樻棤澶勪笉鍦紝鍠沧阒呰镄勯儴闂紝鎴戜滑缁忓父鍦ㄥ悇绉嶅叕鍏辨暟瀛椾笂阆囧埌鏂扮殑链夎叮镄勪簨鎯呫??

鐜板湪锛屽畠浠兘灏嗗嚭鐜板湪杩欎釜鍒椾腑銆?

鎴戜滑涔熼殢镞舵杩庝綘镄勫弬涓庯紝骞剁暀瑷?鍚戞垜浠帹钻愪綘阒呰镄勪绠璋冨拰濂芥枃绔犮??